Sunday Jul 12, 2020



After accomplishment of the ICZM studies at the national level, the authorities started to pave the way for implementation of integrated coastal management in the coastal provinces of Iran.  Among 7 coastal provinces, Homuzgan was selected to be the pilot project for ICZM implementation.  There are a number of reasons for this selection some of which are the followings:

1-      Hormuzgan has the longest shoreline (more than 1000 km) among the coastal provinces of Iran.

2-      Hormuzgan is located in the strategic point of Hormuz strait which connects the Persian Gulf to the Oman Sea and is the bottle neck for global oil transportation.

3-      Hormuzgan center (Bandar Abbas) is the mostly populated city along the Persian Gulf shorelines.

4-      Bandar Abbas is the starting location for the strategic North-South transportation corridor.

5-      There are several ports along the Hormuzgan province that are of national importance such as Shahid Rajaee and Shahid Bahonar.

6-      There are a number of heavy industries along the coastal zone of the province such as ship-building, power plants, petrochemical complexes, and aluminum industries.

7-      Eastern part of Hormuzgan province is called Makran coasts which are a target for future development in the country's long-term plans.

8-      Hormuzgan province is a focal point for aquaculture activities.

9-      There are several sea sensitive areas (SSAs) along the coastal zones off the provinces including the mangrove forests, mud flats, reef fish, turtle areas, etc. that have to be protected and preserved.

10-   Hormuzgan province suffers from illegal activities such as smuggling, mostly because of an unbalanced development.

The ICZM studies for the  Hormuzgan province aim at the goals of global ICZM including:

1-      Providing integration in the decision-making process at the coastal zones and getting involved all the stake holders in a bid to harmonize the appropriate human activities at the coastal areas.

2-      Creating balance among the current and future exploitations of the coastal natural resources.

3-      Preserving the terrestrial and marine ecological resources and ensuring the stability and resiliency of these resources in the future.

4-      Providing safety for the local communities and coastal installations against natural hazards.

5-      Prevention of environmental pollution at the coastal areas.

6-       Making ground for the economical growth and maintaining  sustainable development at the coastal areas

 The objectives of the ICZM studies for the Hormuzgan province are explained below:

a)      Identification of the impacts of economical and social, physical developments in the province in the coastal area

b)      Identification of the problems in the coastal zone of Hormuzgan province according to the simultaneous goals of development and conservation

c)       Identification of the positive and negative effects of the special economic zones, major ports, oil and gas fields, refineries, etc. On a scale of local, regional, and provincial.

d)      Identification of opportunities and threats of the adjacent development plans in Hormuzgan's coastal areas such as Assaluyeh in the West and Jask in the East.

e)      Identification of the existing conflicts with the regulations and policies of different sectors (government, NGOs , and local people)

f)       Identification of the institutional and organizational capacities of the executional bodies, civil institutions, and NGOs for implementation of integrated management.

g)      Zonation of the coastal zones for appropriate types of human activities and land-uses such as residential, industrial, protected areas, etc.

h)      Providing the strategies and policies of ICZM in Hormuzgan province

 i)        Providing the conditions for materialization of the strategies