Sunday Aug 25, 2019
 

MSP Experiences Around the World

Key Elements of MSP Plan in ABU DHABI

Elements

Description

Authority

Executive order or directive

Lead Planning Agency

Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council

Financing

Not known or approved at this time

Size of Planning Area

10,000-50,000 km2

Time required to complete the plans

2-4 years

Drivers of MSP

Need for a more integrated approach; Economic growth concerns; Perceived conflicts among uses, e.g., marine mining v. fishing; Perceived conflicts between uses and nature conservation, e.g., marine protected areas; Marine conservation or biodiversity concerns; New and emerging uses of the marine area, e.g., wind energy, aquaculture; Effects of climate change (e.g., sea-level rise)

Stakeholder participation

Throughout the MSP process

Sectors included in planning:

All

Relation to coastal management

Not specified

Relation to marine protected area management

Existing and future MPAs incorporated in the management plan

Plan approval

Plan completed, but not yet approved

Legal Status of Plan

Advisory/Strategic

Plan revision

Review/revision every 4-5 years

Performance monitoring and evaluation

Plan has not been revised yet

Source: http://msp.ioc-unesco.org

 تاثیرات فضایی سناریوهای توسعه در طرح برنامه‌ریزی فضایی دریا در ابوظبی

Spatial Effects of Development Scenarios on Abu Dhabi MSP Plan

 

Key Elements of MSP Plan in China

Elements

Description

Authority

Law of the Management of Sea Use of 2001

Lead Planning Agency

State Oceanic Administration and Provincial Governments

Financing

Funding for planning and management provided through a user charge system

Size of Planning Area

174,000 km2 (estimated area of Chinese Territorial Sea)

Time required to complete the plans

Not specified

Drivers of MSP

Interest in recovering “rent” from private use of public resources

Stakeholder participation

Limited to consultation with other ministries

Sectors included in planning:

All

Relation to coastal management

Not specified

Relation to marine protected area management

Not specified

Plan approval

First national Marine Functional Zoning Plan was submitted by SOA to the State Council and approved in August 2002; 11 Provincial-level zoning plans have now been prepared and approved for implementation.

Legal Status of Plan

Regulatory and enforceable

Plan revision

Not specified

Performance monitoring and evaluation

Not specified

Source: http://msp.ioc-unesco.org

طرح فضایی در نواحی ساحلی و آب‌های فراساحلی شبه جزیره شاندونگ

Spatial Plan in Coastal and Offshore Areas of Shandong

 


Key Elements of MSP Plan in Belgium

Elements

Description

Authority

The Belgian EEZ Act of 1999 and the Marine Protection Act of 1999; a Royal decree on MSP is being prepared

Lead Planning Agency

Ministry of the North Sea (2005); Ministry of Environment (2012)

Financing

Not specified

Size of Planning Area

3,600 km2 (territorial sea and EEZ of Belgium)

Time required to complete the plans

Three years

Drivers of MSP

Finding space for wind farms, sand and gravel mining, and marine conservation areas in the Belgian EEZ that was already heavily over-used

Stakeholder participation

Consultations with commercial and recreational fishers, marine transport, sand and gravel mining, tourism, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations; the public was invited to comment on master plan

Sectors included in planning:

Oil and gas, sand and gravel mining, wind energy, pipelines and cables, mariculture, and protected areas (navigation and fishing not included)

Relation to coastal management

Not specified

Relation to marine protected area management

Not specified

Plan approval

Implemented incrementally since 2003

Legal Status of Plan

Regulatory and enforceable

Plan revision

Every 6 years

Performance monitoring and evaluation

Suggested, but not specified

Source: http://msp.ioc-unesco.org

نقشه‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ی یکپارچه‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ی طرح MSP دریای شمال در بلژیک

Integrated Map of MSP Plan in BPNS (The Belgian part of the North Sea)

 

 

Key Elements of MSP Plan in Croatia

Elements

Description

Authority

Physical Planning Act

Lead Planning Agency

- The Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning

- The Croatian Institute for Spatial Development

Financing

Not specified

Size of Planning Area

Ecological and Fishery Protection Zone: 24000 km2

The territorial sea: 19000 km2

Time required to complete the plans

Not specified

Drivers of MSP

Logical use of national resources, Develop mariculture, Marine conservation

Stakeholder participation

Under plan

Sectors included in planning:

Under plan

Relation to coastal management

Not specified

Relation to marine protected area management

Not specified

Plan approval

Under plan

Legal Status of Plan

enforceable

Plan revision

Under plan

Performance monitoring and evaluation

Under plan

Source: https://www.msp-platform.eu

محدوده خشکی و آب‌‌‌‌های سرزمینی جمهوری کرواسی

Croatia border and it's territorial sea limit

 

 

Key Elements of MSP Plan in the Netherlands

Elements

Description

Authority

Initiative of the Central Government of the Netherlands

Lead Planning Agency

Interdepartmental Directors’ Consultative Committee North Sea or (Interdepartementaal Directeurenoverleg Noordzee—IDON) led by the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management

Financing

Unknown

Size of Planning Area

58,000 km2 (territorial sea and EEZ)

Time required to complete the plans

Two years

Drivers of MSP

Space conflicts between projected wind farms, marine transport, port development, sand and gravel extraction, nature conservation, and climate change

Stakeholder participation

Mostly consultations with other federal agencies, major marine industry sectors, and public review of plan documents

Sectors included in planning:

Marine transport (shipping), oil and gas, pipelines and cables, commercial fishing, mariculture, military, sand extraction for coastal defense

Relation to coastal management

Two-fold: secure sand extraction areas for beach nourishment and special attentions to land-sea interaction. Also linkages to river basin management plans is discussed briefly (especially in relation to water quality)

Relation to marine protected area management

The integrated management plan sets out the boundaries of areas in the North Sea in which the ecological features are to receive extra protection: Voordelta, Vlakte van de Raan, part of the Kustzee, Friese Front, Klaverbank and Doggersbank

Plan approval

MSP plans for the Dutch part of the North Sea became part of the National Water Plan in 2009 and in 2015.

Legal Status of Plan

Advisory, but the plan has the status of a “policy rule” (or a “structural vision”) and the government is obliged to act in accordance with it. The plan mainly affects the regulation of use through permitting and is therefore important for permitting authorities and users who apply for a permit.

Plan revision

Every 6 years

Performance monitoring and evaluation

Monitoring is limited to existing programs that are focused on measuring state-of-the-environment indicators (bio-physical only). Annually, progress on implementation of identified management actions are reported to the Parliament of the Netherlands.

Source: http://msp.ioc-unesco.org

The Netherland

The Netherland's MSP plan