Wednesday May 22, 2019

Marine Spatial Plan Contents

Overview of Marine Spatial Plan   

The Marine Spatial Planning framework suggested by IOC-UNESCO in 2009 contains ten (10) steps that are outlined below. Similar steps have been adopted in completing the Hormozgan Marine Spatial Plan studies.  The first seven (7) steps of the IOC-UNESCO approach will be implemented in Hormozgan Province Marine Spatial Planning (“MSP”) studies and as the final steps a zoning map will be developed to allocate specific marine areas to certain activities in the Oman Sea, Strait of Hormuz, and the Persian Gulf regions.


STEP 1: Identifying Work Requirements and Human Resources and Networks

What is required for this step?

·         Setting out a preliminary list of specific problems which can be solved by the implementation of MSP

·         Considering the level of skill and knowledge required to undertake the MSP tasks


Task 1. Identifying how MSP can be useful in a given scenario

Task 2. Establishing appropriate authority, networking and connection of the practitioners to help implement MSP


STEP 2: Securing the Required Financial Resources

What is required for this step?

A financial plan that:

a. Estimates the costs of your MSP activities; and

b. Identifies alternative means to obtain financial resources for those MSP activities


Task 1. Identifying alternative financing mechanisms

Task 2. Determining the feasibility of alternative funding mechanisms


STEP 3: Organizing the Process through Pre-planning

What is required for this step?

·         Organization of an MSP team with the desired skills;

·         An action plan that identifies the milestones in the process and the corresponding resources required to gain the outcomes of planning according to time schedules;

·         Identifying specific boundaries & setting time frames for analysis and management;

·         A set of principles to guide proper development of the MSP plan; and

·         A set of goals and objectives for the targeted area.


Task 1. Creating the MSP team

Task 2. Developing a Work Plan

Task 3. Identifying MSP boundaries and timeframes

Task 4. Identifying Principles

Task 5. Identifying Goals and Objectives

Task 6. Identifying Risks and Developing Contingency Plans


STEP 4: Organizing Stakeholder Participation

What is required for this step?

·         A plan indicating who, when and how to involve stakeholders throughout the MSP process.


Task 1: Identifying who should be involved in the MSP process

Task 2: Identifying when to involve the stakeholders

Task 3: Identifying how to involve the stakeholders


STEP 5: Identifying and Analyzing Existing Conditions

What is required for this step?

·         An inventory and maps of important biological and ecological areas in the marine management area;

·         An inventory and maps of current human activities (and pressures) in the marine management area;

·         An assessment of possible divergence and compatibilities among existing human uses; and

·         An assessment of possible divergence and compatibilities between existing human uses and the environment.


Task 1. Collecting and broad-scale qualitative mapping information about ecological, environmental and oceanographic conditions

Task 2. Collecting and mapping information about human activities

Task 3. Identifying current conflicts among users and the environment and compatibilities


STEP 6: Defining and analyzing future conditions

What is required for this step?

·         A trend scenario to illustrate how the MSP area will look like if current conditions and activities continue without new management interventions;

·         Alternative spatial sea use scenarios to illustrate how the management area might look like when human activities are redistributed based on new goals and objectives; and

·         A preferred scenario that provides the basis for identifying and selecting management measures in SMP (Step 7).


Task 1. Projecting current trends with regards to the spatial and temporal needs of existing human activities

Task 2. Estimating spatial and temporal requirements for new demands of ocean space

Task 3. Illustrating possible alternative future scenarios for the planning area

Task 4. Selecting the preferred spatial sea use scenario


STEP 7: Preparing and approving the most Suitable SMP

What is required for this step?

·         Identification and evaluation of alterative management approaches for the SMP;

·         Identification of criteria for selecting alternative management measures; and

·         A comprehensive management plan, including if needed, a zoning plan.


Task 1. Identifying alternative spatial and temporal management measures, incentives, and institutional arrangements

Task 2. Specifying Criteria for Selecting Marine Spatial Management Measures

Task 3. Developing the Zoning Plan

Task 4. Evaluating the SMP

Task 5. Approving the SMP


STEP 8: Implementing the SMP

What is required for this step?

F Clear identification of actions required to implement, ensure compliance with, and enforce the spatial management plan.


Task 1. Implementing the spatial management plan

Task 2. Ensuring compliance with the marine spatial management plan

Task 3. Enforcing the spatial management plan


STEP 9: Monitoring and Evaluating Performance

What is required for this step?

·         A monitoring system designed to measure indicators of the performance of marine spatial management measures;

·         Information on the performance of marine spatial management measures that will be used for evaluation; and

·         Periodic reports to decision makers, stakeholders, and the public about the performance of the marine spatial management plan.

Task 1. Developing the performance monitoring program

Task 2. Evaluate performance-monitoring data

Task 3. Reporting results of performance evaluation


STEP 10: Adapting the spatial management process

What is required for this step?

·         Proposals for adapting management goals, objectives, outcomes and strategies for the next round of planning;

·         Identification of applied research needs.

Task 1. Reconsidering and redesigning the MSP program

Task 2. Identifying Applied Research Needs

Task 3. Starting the next round of marine spatial planning